▌ 大学英语 College English 优质课程
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Unit 1   Changes in the Way We Live
Text A
Content Questions    ( P10 )
1.    Write and live on a farm.
2.    Because they grow nearly all of their fruits and vegetables.  They have enough eggs, honey and wood.  They are very close to nature and can enjoy the beautiful scenery.  Besides, they can go skiing and skating in winter.
3.    No.  Sometimes the good life can get pretty tough.
4.    They were buried under five feet of snow from December through March.
5.    When the first spring came, it brought two floods.  The second flood refers to the good harvest in the growing season.
6.    He decided to quit his job and start to freelance.
7.    He has to crawl into black bear dens for “Sports Illustrated”, hitch up dogsled racing teams for “Smithsonian” magazine, c
8.    heck out the Lake Champlain “monster” for “Science Digest”, and canoe through the Boundary Waters Wilderness area of Minnesota for “Destinations”.
9.    As for insurance, they have only bought a poor man’s major-medical policy and the policy on their two cars.
10.  They cut back their expenses without appreciably lowering their standard of living.  For example, they patronize local restaurants instead of more expensive places in the city.  They still attend the opera and ballet but only a few times a year.  They eat less meat, drink cheaper wine and see fewer movies.
11.   A tolerance for solitude and lots of energy.
12.  They will leave with a feeling of sorrow but also with a sense of pride at what they have been able to accomplish.
13.  They chose to live in the country because they want to improve the quality of their lives.  Yes, they have finally realized their dreams.
Text Organization    ( P11 )
Part One  (paragraphs 1—3)  The writer views his life in the country as a self-reliant and satisfying one.
Part Two   (paragraphs 4—7 )  Life in the country is good yet sometimes very hard.
Part Three  (paragraphs 8—11) After quitting his job, the writer’s income was reduced, but he and his family were able to manage to get by.
Part Four  (paragraphs 12—15 ) A tolerance for solitude and a lot of energy have made it possible for the family to enjoy their life in the country.
Happy Moments and Events
1)    growing nearly all their fruits and vegetables
2)    canoeing, picnicking, long bicycle rides, etc.
3)    keeping warm inside the house in winter
4)    writing freelance articles
5)    earning enough money while maintaining a happy family life
1)    working hard both in winter and in summer
2)    harsh environment and weather condition
3)    anxious moments after the writer quit his job
4)    cutting back on daily expenses
5)    solitude
1. Fill in the gaps with words or phrases given in the box.  ( P15 )
1)    on balance             2) resist          3) haul           4) wicked
5)  illustrated              6) budget       7) lowering    8) boundary
9)  involved                10)economic  11) blasting    12) just about
2. Now use the verb in brackets to form an appropriate phrasal verb you have learned and complete the sentence with it.  ( P16 )
1)    cut back / down             2)pick up
3)get by                            4) get through
5)face up to                      6)turn in
7)making up for                 8)think up
3. Rewrite each sentence with the word or phrase in brackets, keeping the same meaning. (P17 )
1)    pursued his mathematical studies and taught himself astronomy.
2)    often generate misleading thoughts.
3)    attach great importance to combining theory with practice in our work.
4)    be suspected of doing everything for money.
5)    before he gets through life.
4. Complete the sentences, using the words or phrases in brackets ( P17 )
1. their indoor        a profit                         to invest in    
2. device               the improvement           on a global scale
3. stacked                     temptation                    never dined out
Confusable Use  ( P18 ) 
1.    house
2.    home
3.    home    family
4.    household
1.    doubt
2.    suspected
3.    doubted
4.    suspected
5.    suspect
Word Formation  ( P19 )
1) rise           2) final           3) regular       4) cash          5) hows and whys
6) upped        7) yellowed    8) bottled       9) lower         10) search
1. Text-related  ( P20 )
1) gets by                     2) temptation         3) get through
4) improvement            5) aside from         6) suspect
7) supplement               8) profit                9) stacking
2. Theme-related   ( P21 )
1) replaced            2) consider            3) quit
4) world                5) tough                6) fuels
7) provide             8) luxuries             9) balance
10) ideal
1. Translate the sentences into English   ( P21 )
1)    We have a problem with the computer system, but I think it is fairly minor.
2)    My father died when I was too young to live on my own.  The people of my hometown took over responsibility for my upbringing at that point.
3)    the toys have to meet strict safety requirements before they can be sold to children.
4)    Radio and television have supplemented rather than replaced the newspaper as carriers of new and opinion.
5)    When it comes to this magazine, it is a digest of articles from many newspapers and magazines around the world.
2. Translate the passage into English  ( P21 )
       A decade ago, Nancy did what so many Americans dream about.  She quit an executive position and opened a household device store in her neighborhood.  People like Nancy made the decision primarily for the improvement in the quality of their lives.
       But, to run a business on a small scale is by no means an easy job.  Without her steady income, Nancy had to cut back on her daily expenses.  Sometimes she did not even have the money to pay the premiums for the various kinds of insurance she needed.
       Fortunately, through her own hard work, she has now got through the most difficult time.  She is determined to continue pursuing her vision of a better life.
Text B 
1. Choose the best answer for each of the following.  ( P27 )
1—6.   a      c     d     b     a     c    
Translate into Chinese the underlined sentences in the essay ( P28 )
1.    什么? 你说那听起来不像你府上的生活?其实,不仅仅是你一个人这么想。事实上,大多数人可能都跟你一样这么想的。
2.    例如,《交给比弗吧》一剧中妈妈带着珍珠项链,穿着高跟鞋做家务。爸爸整个周末都穿着西装,系着领带。
3.    要是电视网或有线电视没有中意的节目,录像制品商店可以提供好莱坞制作的品质迥异的节目:新近发行的电影、动画片、“成人”电影、体育锻炼节目、旅游、体育及入门指南录像带。
4.    如今,妈妈在看她的有线电视销售服务节目的时候,爸爸可能想租一部动作片。而在姐姐想看《辛普森一家》时,弟弟妹妹却在玩《让我们炸毁土星》的电子游戏。
Match the definitions in Column B with the words and phrases in Column A.  ( P28 )
1) g        2) f         3) e         4) d
5) b        6) h        7) a         8) c
Fill in the gaps with words or phrases chosen from the box. ( P29 )
1) roast                 2) cable                        3) at one time
4) get along           5) missed out on            6) commute
7) taken over         8) make sense               9) go with
10) dizzy               11) gasped                    12) networks
Unit 2 Civil-Rights Heroes
Part One  Paras 1-5   It is high time to honor the heroes who helped liberate slaves by forging the Underground Railroad in the early civil-rights struggles in America.
Part Two  Paras 6-23  By citing examples the author praises the exploits of civil-rights heroes who helped slaves travel the Underground Railroad to freedom.
Story 1 (Paras 6-10):   After winning his own freedom from slavery, John Parker helped other
slaves to escape north to Canada to get freedom.
Story 2 (Paras 11-15):  Supported by a strong religious conviction, the white man Levi Coffin helped black slaves to escape at huge risk to himself.
Story 3 (Paras 16-23):   By traveling the Underground Railroad, Josiah Henson reached his destination and became free at last.
1) decades                          2) historic
3) imposed                          4) religious
5) slender                           6) web
7) bade                             8) site
9) on the side                       10) authorized
11) terminal                        12) make the best of
1) went through                      2) stood up for
3) laid down                         4) take on
5) let (us) down                      6)  draw on
7) fall into                           8)  pass for
1) The Europeans are fully confident that the Americans will not be able to justify their measures to protect the struggling American steel industry.            
2) Clinton is, in the eyes of Joe Klein , staff writer of the New Yorker and author of The Natural, the most talented politician of his generation and the most compelling.
3) There’s not much you can do if people are really intent on destroying themselves with drug.                    
4) A different experience of the world could forge a completely different approach to life.
5) It is our conviction that cloning of human beings is bound to cause many ethical and social problems in the long run.                
1). As for, do not compel, capture of , have forged
2) At huge risk, the mission, shelter
3) who abolished, In the eyes of, racial
II. Words with Multiple Meaning
1.    I’ll tell you in a minute how I have attained the genuine sense of belonging in America, but first let me hear about your French trip.
2.    Most McDonald’s look almost the same on the outside, but actually there are about 16 different basic designs.
3.    Loaning money from the banks is but one of the methods we can use to get through a financial crisis.
4.    This second-hand car has been nothing but trouble: it’s always breaking down.
5.    In your resume you have mentioned everything but one vital point.
6.    Our technicians have discovered a simple but effective solution to the problem.
7.    I am sorry, but I think you should not have lingered on over coffee and missed the last bus.
8.    The bankruptcy of the company was not caused by evil, but by simple ignorance.
1. lonely                             2. friendly
3. weekly, monthly                     4. lovely
5. cowardly                           6. kindly/ saintly
7. lively                              8. motherly
I.     CLOZE
1) forged                       2)  stand up
3) compelled                    4) convictions
5) mission                      6) abolish
7) intent on                     8)  risk
9) In the eyes of                 10) threats
1) assistance                    2)  involved
3) estimated                    4)  coincidence
5) emerged                     6) referred
7) numerous                    8) stationed
9) concern                     10) capture
1.    Though greatly affected by the consequences of the global financial crisis, we are still confident that we can face up to the challenge and overcome the crisis.
2.    Under threat of constant sand storms, we were compelled to leave our cherished village and move to the new settlement.
3.    According to a recent online survey, a lot of consumers say they may be motivated to consider buying products shown in TV commercials.
4.    Having spotted a truck driver dumping contaminated waste alongside the river, the old man reported to the police at once.
5.    Some scientists hold to the firm conviction that people will come to like genetically modified crops someday since they can increase yields and help combat hunger and disease in the developing world.
Shortly after he achieved freedom he became a member of an organization that assisted fugitive slaves. He secretly returned to the United States from Canada several times to help others to travel the Underground Railroad to freedom. Once some slave catchers closed in on the escaping slaves and Henson when they were on the run. He disguised them and successfully avoided capture. In addition, later he built a small settlement in Dresden in Canada for escaped slaves, setting up a chapel and a school where they could learn useful ways of making a living. He held to the conviction that slavery would be abolished, all the slaves would be liberated, and the day was bound to come when racial discrimination no longer existed.
1.  b c d b b a
1.    这一和平的不服从行为在蒙哥马利引发了抗议, 最终使少数民族权利在法律上发生了变化,开创了美国民权运动的新时代。
2.    后来她解释说,这儿似乎是她结束受人摆布,弄清如果有的话她究竟有何人权的地方。
3.    但是,蒙哥马利的黑人团体认为应该团结在她周围组织抗议活动,她是适合担此重任的公民,因为她是该市最优秀的公民之一。
4.    他说:“只有极少人能说自己的行动和行为改变了国家的面貌。 罗莎帕克斯就是那些人中的一个。”
1. d e f b g a h c
1) trial                          2) activist
3) equality                       4) arrested
5) transportation                  6) representatives
7) legal                         8) boycotts
9) fame                         10) representation 
11) ushered in                    12) lain in honor / in state
  Unit 3  Security
Text A
Content Questions
1.    No.
2.    No.
3.    It has been replaced by an era when people employ various secuirty devices at home.
4.    Small notices announcing that the premises are under surveillance by this security force or that guard company.
5.    The insurance company tries to impress the public that it will ensure your safety by paying for your losses.
6.    An atmosphere of fear and distrust.
7.    Because they feel threatened and want to keep outsides away.
8.    No. They are by now the most sophisticated of security sites.
9.    It is a way to hold the terrorists, real and imagined, at bay.
10.  To tell whether their friend or client is telling lies.
11.   All is done in the name of “security”. But according to the author, America, with all this “security”, is perhaps the most insecure nation in the history of civilization.
12.  We may have locked the evils out, but in so doing we have locked ourselves in.
Text Organization
Parts       Paragraphs     Main Ideas
Part One Paras 1-3 In America, the era of leaving the front door on the latch has drawn to a close.
Part Two Paras 4-15      A new atmosphere of fear and distrust has crept into every aspect of daily life. As a result, security de vices, in varied forms, are put to use.
Part Three      Paras 16-19    By locking our fears out, we become prisoners of our own making.
1) Doors are not left unlocked either in cities or in rural areas.
2)    Dead-bolt locks, security chains, electronic alarm systems and trip wires are widely in use.
3)    Suburban families have steel bars built in sliding glass doors.
4)    Small notices warning against burglary are commonly seen pasted on the windows of the most pleasant of homes.
5)    Access cards are required of those who work with medium to large-size companies.
6)    Airport security uses electronic X-ray equipment to guard against terrorism.
7)    Businessmen employ new machines linked up to their telephone to help determine whether the caller is telling lies or not.
Suburban housewives wear rape whistles on their key chains.
Language Sense Enhancement
I.   1)    electronic                 2) hooked up to
3)    suburban                4) built in
5)    uncommon        6) announcing                          
7)    survaillance              8) symbol
9)    featured                 10) attached to
Language Focus
I.   1. 1) threathens
3) civilize
5) wandered
7) without so much as
9) hook up to
11) chart
2.   1) narrowed down
3) cut off
5) wear (the other) down
7) put up
2) by a small margin
4) closed up
6) paste
8) sideways
10) universal
12) Bathed in
2) looked back on
4) fit into
6) lies in
8) stand for
3.    1) A certain gene which is likely to make people vulnerable to asthma has been found by
researchers at the Department of Clinical Medicine in Oxford.
2)    A wardrobe with mirrored doors had to be built in so as to make their small bedroom look larger.
3)    The NBC show's opening shots feature the space shuttle Challenger blowing up in January 1986—killing all seven crew.
4)    When the teacher threatened to keep the pupils in after school they were quieted at once.
5)    Energy difficulties are a major barrier to the country's economic growth due to the fact that imported oil has absorbed 40% of its foreign exchange / because imported oil has absorbed 40% of its foreign exchange.
4.    1) Jacob looked back on his summer holidays spent on the Big Island of Hawaii with its
beautiful landscape and tranquil atmosphere as a rare escape from the madness of urban life.
2) Learning in the information era is really convenient and efficient. With your computer hooked up to the internet, you can easily obtain the electronic resources relevant to your research.
3) Detectives, who believe more than one person is behind the constant attacks in the suburb, are using a sophisticated computer system to analyze specific behavior and situations. However, they are also aware that they shouldn’t rely too much on computer because it may make errors at times..
II.    Collocation
1. away   2.    inside/in
3. forward/through 4.    back
5. off      6.    home
7. back, down 8.    in, out
III.  Usage
1.    Internet is not such an unusual word as it used to be.
2.    Most men do not look unattractive in them.
3.    Wealthy as she is, she is not unconcerned by her sudden unemployment.
4.    This claim is not unrealistic in view of a sharp decrease in the city's violent crimes.
5.    His poor health is not unrelated to his unhealthy way of life.
Comprehensive Exercises
I. Cloze
1. Statistics                          2. rural
3. era                       4. stood for
5. on the latch                               6. vulnerable
7. barriers                                 8. electronic
9. reflection                               10.civilized
1. tougher                   2. liable
3. shift                   4. electric
5. cautious                  6. sophisticated
7. thieves                   8. break
9. chances                        10. signs
 II. Translation
1).   The Internet is changing the way people live, no matter whether they are in urban or rural areas.
2).   Medium-sized and small companies are more vulnerable to the threat of the global economic crisis than large ones.
3).   With regard to our term papers, the professor asked us to analyze the chart of unemployment first, and then provide critical reflections on the nation’s economic development.
4).   It never occurred to him that their team would win the basketball match by a large margin.
5).   Looking back on my twenty years’ teaching in high school, I attributed my success to patience, talent, and the constant pursuit of knowledge.
It is almost impossible to keep a determined burglar out. All you can do is discourage him for a few minutes, thus exposing him to police patrols or those wandering around. Common sense tells us that lighting is a barrier to criminal activity. A light should be fixed in the doorway and switched on at night. Make sure/assure yourself that you don’t leave the door on the latch if you happen to be the last to come in. If you decide to buy a sophiticated electronic alarm system, be sure to ask for its signs and put them up on both windows and doors. In addition you may have it hooked up to a police station.
Unit 4 Was Einstein a Space Alien?
Text A
Content Questions (P.99)
13.  He worked as a “Technical Expert, Third Class”. He needed the job to support his young family.
14.  He published five of the most important papers in the history of science. This is because they proved that atoms and molecules existed, laid the foundation for quantum mechanics, describe the theory of special relativity, and advanced the famous equation: E=mc2
15.  He developed the Theory of Universal Gravitation then.
16.  Because his ideas were far ahead of other scientists of his time.
17.  He meant that like other scientists Einstein was a man of his time. If he hadn’t been born, his 1905 papers would eventually have been written in some form by others.
18.  What was remarkable about 1905 is that year a single person authored five of the most improtant papers in science. Einstein proposed in 1905 that light is particulate and for this he won the Nobel Prize in 1921.
19.  Because if you did so you would find yourself disagreeing with phisicist James Clerk Maxwell, an Authority Figure who had proved that light was an electomagnetic wave.
20.  He was not at all concerned about authority. He hated being told what was true.
21.  Science was dinner-table conversation in the Einstein household when he was young. His interest in science came naturally.
22.  He credited his discoveries to imagination and endless questioning more so that otthodox intelligence.
23.  He struggled to produce a unified field theory, combinging gravity with other forces of nature, but he failed.
24.  He found Einstein’s brain looked much like any other.
Text Organization (P.100)
1.  (P.100)
Parts      Paragraphs     Main Ideas
Part One        Paras. 1-3       A young husband and father, Albert Einstein had to work hard to support his family.
Part Two Paras. 4-12     Einstein made astonishing achievements in physics and thus revolutionized the field.
Part Three      Paras. 13-21   Einstein’s discoveries were attributable to his imagination, questioning, disregard for authority, powers of concentration, and interest in science.
Part Four Paras. 22-23   Einstein was not space alien.
2.  (P.100)
1). He felt all the pressure and responsibility of any young husband and father.
2). Galison: If Einstein hadn’t been born, his 1905 papers would have been written in some form by others.
3). Other physicists like Max Planck, more senior and experienced than Einstein, were closing in on the answer, but he got there first.
4). Einstein himself credited his discoveries to imagination and questioning more so than orthodox intelligence.
5). He failed in producing a unified field theory.
6). His brain looked much like any other.
Language Sense Enhancement (P.101)
I.   1)    concentration                2) lie down
3)    balance                   4) engross himself in
5)    stimulated                 6) more so                         
7)    curious                    8) assessment
9)    credited                   10) intelligence
Language Focus (P.103)
1.  (P. 104)
1) accordingly         2) loose
3) concentration       4) stimulating
5) fabric              6) if anything
7) reality              8) intuition
9) trifle               10) at the turn of the century
11) mess               12) undermine
2.    (P. 105)
1) approve of  2) slow down
3) take in                         4) sucked into                                     
5) set … apart                     6) dozed off
7) call forth    8) stretch into
9) keep up with                  10) believe
3. (P. 105—106)
1) The beautiful Malvern Hills have provided inspiration for many artistis and musicians over the decades.
  2) Much of his success is credited to his power of imagination.
  3) The industrial revolution was firmly built on the foundations of an agricultural revolution.
  4) Alexander was determined not to make any complaints in the presence of the nurse.
  5) September 1939 saw the outbreak of the Second World War.
4. (P. 106)
1) At school Einstein thought about questions which his teachers did not ask. They considered his constant doubting and questioning as a character flaw, so much so that they came to the conclusion that he would get nowhere in life.
2)    For the third night in a row, I was awakened by the shrieking of car alarms at midnight. Without a decent night’s sleep, I dozed off while I was at work in the daytime. Consequently I made a mess of my job.
3)    Economists are examing two reports capturing the bleak economic picture. One shows that the outbreak of the world financial crisis has undermined consumer confidence, which is now down in its lowest levels since 1992. The other shows that unemployment rate has risen by 10%, which has strained many families’ finances.
II.    Collocation (P. 106-105)
1.    With Christmas only a week away
2.    With his physical condition improving day by day
3.    With our GDP growing steadily
4.    With all the shops closed
5.    with her eyes closed
6.    With the fog lifting during the night
III.  Usage (P. 107-108)
1. like/as 2. as 3. like     4. like/as
5. as/ like 6. as 7. like     8. as
Comprehensive Exercises
I. Cloze (P. 108-109)
1. caution 2.    came to the conclusion
3. never get anywhere    4.    undermining
5. not give/care a fig     6.    flaw
7. beyond any doubt      8.    foundation
9. remarkable/ impressive     10.  imagination
1. extent  2.    inventions
3. bet      4.    manages
5. vision 6.    eventually
7. achievement      8.    poverty
9. utilized 10.  Breakthrough
II. Translation (P. 109-110)
1. (P. 109)
1.    The volunteers sent by the Red Cross disinfected , with great caution, the drinking water in the village so as to avoid an outbreak of plague
2.    Einstein spent many years trying to unify the theories of electromagnetism and gravity but failed.
3.    Professor Wang received / won the Presidential Award fro his excellence in stimulating students’ creative imagination.
4.    As there were some major design flaws, the board of directors didn’t approve of the economic stimulus package.
5.    Having realized that nobody could help him, Jordan finally came to the conclusion that he had to face reality and meet the challenge by himself.
2. (P. 110)
What was remarkable about 2005 was perhaps that the United Nations declared it “The World Year of Physics”. It was the 100th anniversary of Einstein’s theory of relativity and the 50th anniversary of his death. In 1905 Einstein published five highly important essays in the history of science, thus revolutionizing physics. His great achievement can be credited to his impressive powers of imagination, constant questioning, and not giving a fig for authority. It is beyond doubt that Einstein was the greatest scientist in the 20th century.
Unit 5 Giving Thanks
Text A
Content Questions
25.  He wrote them on a ship on the way to the island of Tulagi in the South Pacific on Thanksgiving Day, 1943.
26.  Preparing a traditional Thanksgiving dinner featuring roast turkey made the writer extremely busy.
27.  The writer was thinking about Thanksgiving.
28.  He decided to write letters to show gratitude to those who had helped him in his life.
29.  He had always accepted what they had done for him, but never expressed to any of them a simple “Thank you.”
30.  He decided to write to his father, his grandmother, and the Rev. Lonual Nelson, his grammar school principal.
31.  His father had impressed upon him from boyhood a love of books and reading.
32.  He remembered that each morning Nelson would open the school with a prayer over his assembled students.
33.  He recalled how his grandmother had taught him to tell the truth, to share, and to be forgiving and considerate of others. And he thanked her for her delicious food and for all the wonderful things she had done for him.
34.  His reading of their letters left him not only astonished but also more humbled than before, because they all thanked him rather than saying they would forgive him for not having previously thanked them.
35.  The writer learned that one should learn to express appreciation for others’ efforts.
36.  The writer wished for all people the common sense to achieve world peace, and find the good and praise it.
Text Organization
Parts       Paragraphs     Main Ideas
Part One Paras. 1-9       On Thanksgiving Day 1943, as a young coastguardsman at sea, the writer came up with the idea of expressing his gratitude to people who had helped him before.
Part Two Paras. 10-16   The writer wrote three thank-you letters to his father, the Rev. Nelson and his grandmother.
Part Three      Paras.17-23    The writer got three letters in reply.
Part Four Paras. 24-26   The writer wishes everyone to find the good and praise it.
Correspondents     Letters Sent    Letters Received
Father     Thanks him for teaching the writer from boyhood to love books and reading.    Tells the writer how he, as a teacher and a father as well, felt content with his own son.
The Rev. Nelson    Thanks him for his morning
school prayers.
i      Tells the writer about his retirement coupled with self-doubt, and the re¬assurance brought to him by the writer's letter.
Grandmother  Thanks her for teaching the writer how to tell the truth, to share and to be forgiving, and for her good cooking and her sprinkling the writer's life with stardust. Expresses her loving gratefulness to her grandson.
Language Sense Enhancement
I.    1)  decades                     2) undergoing
3)    had done wrong             4) welcome reassurance
5)    appreciated                 6) brought back                          
7)    relatives                   8) accomplish
9)    consume                       10) representing
Language Focus
1.    1) sprinkled 2) in turn
3)    reversed  4) repay
5)    at sea      6) traditional
7)    statement 8) longed for
9)    in secret  10) unloaded
11)  weep      12) under way
2.      1)     stretch out      2) make out
3) hope for     4) turns (it) over
5) put away    6) brings back
7) got to  8) go about
3.  1)  As supplies of traditional fuels diminish, people are working to increase the use of solar
2)    We accord high priority to meeting the challenges of economic and environmental development in the region.
3)    While it is true that children of today are exposed to more information than were children of the past, it does not follow that they automatically become more sophisticated.
4)    Since she borrowed those books from the library she has been immersed in British history and culture.
5)    Everything changed in a flash on June 1, 2000 when he lost both legs in a serious traffic accident.
4.    1)  I'd like to express my sincere thanks to everyone who has been so considerate of my well-
being. My heart is filled with gratitude that words cannot express.
2)    After everyone assembled on the playground amid the noise and excitement of the specta¬tors, our coach again impressed on us the need to do our best in quest of excellence.
3)    Everything I saw in my hometown was marvelous. I could hardly believe that it had undergone such swift changes through cultivating fruits, vegetables, flowers and the rest in the past few years.
II.    Collocation
1, fond of 2. sick of
3. thoughtful of      4. confident of
5. conscious of       6. critical of
7. guilty of     8.ashamed of
III.  Usage
1.    To know what people really think, pay regard to what they do, rather than what they say.
2.    It is cooperation, rather than conflict, that will enable you to achieve your success.
3.    Ann made students think for themselves rather than telling them what to think.
4.    I think I'll stay at home this evening rather than go / going out.
5.    Most people are content to let perfect days happen at random rather than plan / planning for them.
Comprehensive Exercises
I. Cloze
1) at sea  2) Turning over
3) reverse 4) got to
5)    repay      6) gratitude
7) assembled  8) immersed in
9) unloading   10) swift
1) Instead                           2) possessions
3) richer  4) breath
5)    cherish    6) special
7) specific      8) shining
9) miracles     10) gift
II. Translation
6).   Grandma took it for granted that food prices would soar, so she bought a lot of rice.
7).   I can quote you several instances of her dedication to science.
8).   The 1980s saw the start of the swift development of some special economic zones in China.
9).   Tension between the two countries stemmed in part from the latest spy affair.
10). Peter has worked in a law firm for many years. You can consider having him as your lawyer to act on your behalf when you need legal help.
Amid the atmosphere of Thanksgiving George was immersed in the diary left to him by his father, who died at sea after he completed two successive trips around the world. The diary brought back every moment George had spent with his father and many of the specific things his father did on his behalf. George's father used to impress on him the need to undergo all kinds of hardship in quest of excellence. He also taught him that nothing in the world could be taken for granted. Even today, George still remembers how his father would quote Aesop's famous saying "Gratitude is the sign of noble souls" and tell him to accord the greatest importance to it.
Unit 6 The Human Touch
Text A
Content Questions(P.172)
37.  They found their tastes in art, chicory salad and bishop sleeves so much in tune that they set up a joint studio.
38.  Johnsy would be able to recover from pneumonia if she wanted to live.
39.  She wanted to paint the Bay of Naples some day.
40.  She could see a bare yard, and an old ivy vine climbing half way up the brick wall.
41.  Because she thought that she would die when the last leaf fell.
42.  No. Because in the text the author mentions that Behrman was a failure in art. For forty years he had been always about to paint a masterpiece, without ever actually starting one.
43.  He was upset that Johnsy should have such a silly idea.
44.  Because they were afraid that Johnsy would die if the leaves on it were all gone.
45.  She saw the last leaf on the vine.
46.  It rekindled her will to live. And she realized that it was a sin to want to die.
47.  He caught pneumonia because he painted the last leaf on a rainy and cold night in the yard and was wet through.
48.  Yes, he finished his masterpiece eventually. It was his fine painting of the last leaf, the painting that saved Johnsy.
Text Organization (P.173)
1.  (P.173)
1).   She made up her mind to die when the last leaf fell.
2).   She decided not to give up her life.
3).   Behrman, a kind neighbor, who was aware of Johnsy's state of mind, risked death to paint the last leaf and save her.  
4).   Because it was so perfect the girls both mistook it for the real thing.
2.  (P.173)
Scenes    Paragraphs     Characters      Events
1     Paras 1-2 Sue, Johnsy    Sue's roommate Johnsy caught pneumonia.
2     Paras 3-8 the doctor, Sue The doctor told Sue that Johnsy needed a strong will to live on.
3     Paras 9-17      Johnsy, Sue    Johnsy decided that she would die when the 1 last ivy leaf fell.
4     Paras 18-2.1   Behrman, Sue Sue told Behrman about Johnsy's fancy.
5     Paras 22-33    Sue, Johnsy    As Johnsy was encouraged by the last leaf that wouldn't give in to the weather, her
              will to live returned.
6     Paras 34-37    the doctor, Sue
■   The doctor told Sue that Johnsy would re¬cover, but Behrman caught pneumonia him¬self and his case was hopeless.
7     Paras 38-39    Sue, Johnsy    Sue told Johnsy that Behrman had performed a kind deed without any thought of self.
Language Sense Enhancement (P.174)
I.   1)    curling                      2) looking the part
3)    masterpiece                4) to excess
5)    For the rest                 6) smelling strongly of                          
7)    fancy                      8) light and fragile
9)    slight hold upon the world     10) streaming
Language Focus (P.176)
1.  1) masterpieces          2) fragile
3) fancy               4) nonsense
5) cling to              6)endure
7) acute               8) whistle
9) mock               10) subtracted
11) Sin                12) flutter/fluttering
3.    (P.177)
1) gave in/gave up  2) figure out
3) sized up                         4) wiped out                                           5) pulling up                       6) wear away
7) sit up  8) hear of / about
4.    (P. 178)
1) Illnesses usually stand out in childhood memories.
6)    According to the bulletin, Albright College now offers a joint bachelor's degree program in environmental studies together with Duke University.
7)    The new government is less oppressive, but violence still stalks the country.
8)    There is scarcely any surface water in the desert.
9)    The demand for change in the election law is so persistent that both houses have promised to consider it.
4.    (P. 178—179)
1) It was dreary lying in the tent with nothing to read, so we built a camp fire. Soon the smell
of steaks, bread and coffee mingled with that of fresh grass and earth. Other campers seemed to be doing the same. Here and there people were eating, drinking or dancing to their hearts' content, if not to excess. What a merry night!
4)    Miss Florence, our music teacher, called to us to stop singing. I didn't realize why until Sally told me in a whisper: " You are not in tune with the group!"
5)    The angry wife poured a bucket of water over her drunken husband, who was immedi¬ately wet through and stumbled backward: " You can't do without drinks? I won't hear of any excuses. You certainly don't need it to turn loose your tongue!"
II.    Words with Multiple Meanings (P. 179—180)
1.    He went to Paris on business last month.
2.    The train to Brussels goes at 2:25p.m.
3.    As soon as they arrived at the meadow, the shepherd let the sheep go.
4.    We went exploring together in the mountains. / We will go exploring together in the mountains.
5.    Let's go and have a drink in the bar.
6.    The store is going to close up soon.
7.    South Koreans went crazy when their soccer players beat the Spanish team in the quarter¬finals.
8.    When Mother came out of the house, she found her children gone.
III.  Usage (P. 180)
1.    a little white wooden house
2.    long, curly red hair
2.    a large old round table
3.    a cheap Indian restaurant
4.    a huge cool chocolate ice-cream
5.    rapid technological advance
6.    a handsome young Chinese American
Comprehensive Exercises
I. Cloze (P. 181)
1. in tune 2.    Scarcely
3. in a whisper 4.    cling to
5. merry  6.    sat up
7. nonsense    8.    fancy
9. sin      10.  masterpiece
1. mission      2.    involve
3. jail      4.    not
5. collect       6.    deliver
7. beautiful     8.    vocation
9. need    10.  small
II. Translation (P. 182)
1. (P. 182)
11). The red house stands out against the old trees that reach high up to the sky.
12). The salary in/for my new job is great, but for the rest, I’m not satisfied.
13). The waters of the two streams mingle near our village.
14). We should not mock at other people’s religious beliefs.
15). The curtains of the room are not quite in tune with the style of the furniture.
2. (P. 182)
Here and there we see young artists who stand out from other people. They may be in worn out jeans all the year round, or walk barefoot / in bare feet even in winter, or drink to excess, or cling to the fancy of creating a masterpiece without actually doing any creative work. In fact, many of them act like this just to look the part, or to be "in tune with" other artists. They have forgotten that only through persistent effort can one achieve success.
爱因斯坦是外星人吗? 托尼.菲利普斯
艾伯特爱因斯坦被搞得筋疲力尽.连续第三个晚上,他的宝贝儿子汉斯,哭泣,让家人清醒直到黎明。当艾伯特终于睡着了是时候起床去工作。他不能跳过一天。 他需要工作来养活家人。
1905 年,在年龄26 时,四年前他找到了工作作为一个物理学教授,爱因斯坦提出了五个在科学史最重要的论文”——所有在他的空余时间写的。”他证明了原子和分子的存在。1905年之前,科学家们不清楚那些。他认为光是小块(后来 被称为“光子”),从而奠定了量子力的学基础,。他描述了他的狭义相对论理论:空间和时间是同一个织物的线,他提出那是可弯曲,拉伸和扭曲的。
哦,顺便说一句,E = mc2。
在爱因斯坦之前,最后一个有这样突出创意的科学家,是艾萨克牛顿先生。它发生在 1666 时,牛顿隔离自己母亲的农场去避免爆发在剑桥的瘟疫。没有什么更好的事去做,他提出了他的万有引力。几个世纪以来,历史学家称为 1666 牛顿的“奇迹年。现在这些话有不同的意义: 爱因斯坦和1905。联合国已经宣布2005 年“世界物理年“庆祝爱因斯坦“奇迹 年的100 周年。
现代流行文化吧画爱因斯坦作为一个bushy-haired super   thinker。我们被告之他的想法,是不可能远远领先于其他科学家。他一定是从其他星球来的——也许是牛顿长大的同一个星球。
“爱因斯坦不是外星人,”哈佛大学物理学家和科学史家彼得笑着说。“他是他那个时代的人。”他所有的1905年的文件揭开的(阐明的)问题正在被其他科学家研究,成败参半, “如果爱因斯坦没有出生的,[文件]将最终由他人以某种形式写出来”Galison 说。   
解决办法似乎很简单——光的微粒。事实上,这是,爱因斯坦在 1905 年提出的解决方案并在1921获得了诺贝尔奖。其他物理学家如普朗克(工作相关的问题上:黑体辐射),比爱因斯坦更先一步更有经验,步步逼近答案,但爱因斯坦先到那里。为什么呢?
“在爱因斯坦的时代,如果你想说,光是由粒子构成的,你发现自己不同意的物理学家杰姆斯麦斯威尔的理论。“没有人想做这样的事,”Galison 说。麦斯威尔方程取得了巨大的成功,统一的物理电、磁和光学。麦斯威尔毫无疑问证明,光是一种电磁波。麦斯威尔是一个权威人物。
“在 1905 年,”Galison 记录,“爱因斯坦刚刚获得博士学位。他不感激于一个导师或任何其他权威人物。”因此他的思想在自由漫游。     
回想起来,麦斯威尔是正确的。光是一种波动。但爱因斯坦也是对的。光是粒子。这个奇特的二元性物质困惑着physic101 的学生一样在1905年困惑着爱因斯坦。 怎么光是二元性?爱因斯坦不知道。
不过这不能使他慢下来。蔑视谨慎,爱因斯坦采用了直观的飞跃作为一个基本工具。“我相信直觉和灵感,”他写道,在1931 年。“有时我觉得我是对的但不知道原因。” 尽管爱因斯坦的五篇论文发表在一年的时间里,但他自童年开始就一直在深深地思考物理学。“在爱因斯坦家中,科学是餐桌上的谈话”Galison 解释到。艾伯特的父亲赫尔曼和叔叔雅各布奔跑于一家制造发电机,电弧灯,灯泡、电话的德国公司。这是世纪之交的高科技,“像现在一个在硅谷公司,”Galison 记录。“艾伯特对科技自然感兴趣。”
爱因斯坦很聪明,但没有比他的同行更特殊的地方。“我没有特殊的才能,”他说, “我只是有强烈的好奇心。”又说:“关于我力量的流行评估?和现实的对比真是荒唐。”爱因斯坦将他的发现归功于想象力和无止境的提问而不是传统的智慧。
可我脑子里似乎还在搜索着别的什么一某种我能够赋予这一节日以个人意义的方式。大概过了半个小时左右我才意识到,问题的关键也许在于把Thanksgiving这个词前后颠倒一下——那样广来至少文字好懂了:Giving thanks。
“只要精心照料,你就赢了。现在我得去楼下看另外一个病人了。贝尔曼,是他的名字——记得是个什么画家。也是肺炎。他年老体弱,病来势又猛。他是没救了。不过今天他去了医院,照料得会好一点。” .
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